The guiding ethical principles for the use, care and treatment of animals are:

  • That the ethical use of animals in science is acceptable only if it promises to contribute to the understanding of environmental principles or issues; fundamental biological principles; or development of knowledge that can reasonably be expected to benefit humans, animals or the environment; 
  • That optimal standards for animal health and care result in enhanced credibility and reproducibility of experimental results; 
  • That acceptance of animal use in science critically depends on maintaining public confidence in the mechanisms and processes used to ensure necessary, humane and justified animal use; 
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The Animal Index- a grouping Three Rs resources by category and/or species to assist in finding resources specific to certain types of animals //; and

Care & Techniques– Information about refinements to animal care and animal-based scientific techniques //